One landscaping idea that is good for front or back gardens is the installation of a small pond or some type of water feature. The addition of any type of small pond, waterfall, or water feature such as a fountain creates a feeling of peace and tranquillity in a garden. They often create a retreat where people can not only enjoy the garden, but also the nature that it may attract. There are plenty of small ponds that will work nicely in small gardens to create the desired charm and beauty. The following is a list of five types of small ponds that can be placed into small gardens. They include a wildlife pond, an ornamental fish pond, a container pond, a modern pond, and a natural pond.

Wildlife pond

This is an attractive feature for any small garden that creates a haven for wildlife. This type of pond is especially beneficial since many areas within and surrounding cities have lost their natural habitat. Just about any size body of water has some value to wildlife, even if it is just a place where birds can have a drink and take a bath. However, a small pond can support various types of wildlife like invertebrates, dragonflies, damselflies, amphibians and birds. A wildlife pond should meet certain requirements like having gently sloping sides. Shallow areas are imperative to wildlife, allowing birds to drink and bathe as well as amphibians to spawn and hedgehogs who need sloping sides in order to escape. The key is to have varied slopes and depending on the contents of the pond (fish), some deeper sections for winters hard freeze.

Ornamental fish pond

This brings up the ornamental fish pond, which is quite different to a wildlife pond. In fact, it is not a good idea to have goldfish in a wildlife pond because they will eat the spawn of amphibians. This type of small pond requires a bit of planning and choosing certain plants to add in the spring, including plants like the water iris, dwarf reeds or bog plants, and a few bunches of pondweed to help oxygenate the water. Water lilies can be added in the summer and fish added after plants have been able to become established.

Container pond

This can really be any kind of water feature. This is a great option when there is limited garden space or when digging a hole in the garden is not an option due to having small children or other reasons. In fact, a large plastic planting pot can be turned into a small water feature quite easily. If there are pre-drilled drainage holes in the container (which there often are) all that is needed is a bit of butyl liner to line the container.

After that, place a layer of gravel in the bottom and create a shallow area or ledge using a brick or an inverted plant pot. This will allow wildlife to safely use the water feature as a small pond, enabling the wildlife to get in and out of the water. A basket of marginal plants can be placed on this shelf, being submerged at or below the surface of the water. A waterfall can be creating using tubing, allowing the water to circulate and remain healthy for wildlife, as well as deter insects that like stagnant water to reproduce. Due to the size of the small container, it should be kept out of direct sunlight for long periods of time to reduce evaporation; it should also be in a place that is sheltered from prevailing winds, or at least supported by other surrounding planters and tubs.

Modern pond

Some people are turning to ponds with a more contemporary look in which a stainless steel ledge may be used to create a waterfall instead of natural rocks. This type of waterfall will usually have a more uniform cascade of water into the pond below. In addition to the stainless steel component, colourful lighting is also used to create a more modern feel. The contemporary style does not preclude natural elements like Koi Carp and even a few plants. Modern ponds generally have geometric shapes like rectangles, squares, or even triangles instead of circular or oval shapes. The modern look is often reinforced with brickwork around the pond that mimics the geometrical shape.

Natural pond

Modern geometrical shaped ponds may be trendy, but completely natural ponds are another trend all over the world. The key to this type of pond is to make it indistinct from the surrounding garden; it should fit in as a natural part of the garden. It may also have a fountain, but often rocks are used as a boundary and the pond will include moss and ground cover that will grow on and over portions of the rock. Water plants and underwater vegetation is a major component of natural ponds.